Quick Facts: Resident Demographics


U.S. Households- Renters & Owners
Type of HouseholdHouseholds
% of U.S. TotalResidents
% of U.S. Total
Renter-Occupied43,431,90435%104,557,84233%
Owner-Occupied79,520,02165%208,665,18367%
Total122,951,925100%313,223,025100%
Source: NMHC tabulations of 2014 Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplement, U.S. Census Bureau. Updated 9/2014. Note: Does not include non-housing units.
 

Tenure by Age of Population
Age DistributionPeople in Rental Housing
Share People in Owner-Occupied Housing
Share 
Under 30 Years Old54,136,17717%71,362,64034%
30 to 44 Years Old24,023,1208%36,719,52318%
45 to 64 Years Old18,691,8886%63,788,61231%
65 Years and Older7,706,567

2%36,794,40818%
Total104,557,842

33%208,665,183

100%
Source: NMHC tabulations of 2014 Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplement, U.S. Census Bureau.Updated 9/204. Note: Does not include non-housing units.
Tenure by Age of Householder
Age DistributionRenter-Occupied Households
Share Owner-Occupied Households
Share 
Under 30 Years Old9,619,62622.71%2,910,3313.94%
30 to 44 Years Old14,243,34133.63%16,338,57322.10%
45 to 64 Years Old12,622,61329.80%33,343,21945.10%
65 Years and Older5,871,93213.86%21,341,33928.87%
Total42,357,512

100.00%73,933,462100%

Source: NMHC tabulations of 2013 American Community Survey. Updated 10/2014. Note: Does not include non-housing units.
 
What Type of Structure Do Renter Households Live In?      
Structure TypeHouseholds
PercentResidents
Percent
Single-Family14,893,351 35%43,356,21943%
2 to 4 Units7,696,087 18%17,619,28917%
5 or More Units17,899,08842%34,859,64335%
Mobile Homes1,897,9544%5,041,499

5%
Other41,032


0%75,633



0%
Total42,357,512100%100,952,283

100%
Note: Excludes group quarters. Source: NMHC tabulations of 2013 American Community Survey microdata. Updated 11/2014.
Apartment Household Incomes in the Previous Year
Income2014 Households
2013-2014 Annual Change
Less than $20,0006,133,555-2.1%
$20,000 to $49,9996,432,578-3.6%
$50,000 or More5,671,8521.2%
Source: NMHC tabulations of 2013 & 2014 Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplement, U.S. Census Bureau. Updated 9/2014Note: Income figures recorded in 2013 (2012 income) are adjusted for inflation using the Consumer Price Index.

 Incomes: Apartments Versus All Households
Annual Change 2012-2013


 ApartmentsAll Households
Mean Income2.7%0.5%
Median Income1.8%1.5%
Source: NMHC tabulations of 2013 & 2014 Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplement, U.S. Census Bureau. Updated 9/2014 Note Income figures recorded in 2013 (2012) are adjusted for inflation using the Consumer Price Index.
Large Cities: Population, Housing, and Renters
City NamesPopulation Total Occupied Housing Units Total Apartments Apartments Percent Of All Housing 
New York, NY8,405,8373,084,8611,533,10750%
Los Angeles, CA3,884,3401,320,167563,41343%
Chicago, IL2,718,7891,030,136

322,538

31%
Houston, TX2,197,374815,266

322,53840%
Philadelphia, PA1,553,165582,528

94,22016%
Phoenix, AZ1,513,350517,276

114,381

22%
San Antonio, TX1,409,000493,102

126,38726%
San Diego, CA1,355,885480,730

139,11629%
Dallas, TX1,257,676476,733

193,867



41%
San Jose, CA998,514314,200

69,37822%
Austin, TX885,415349,200

120,560

35%
Jacksonville, FL

842,588

314,537

59,899

19%
Indianapolis, IN
838,425

326,395

67,822

21%
San Francisco, CA837,442

354,651142,598

40%
Columbus, OH822,762329,894



89,99627%
Fort Worth, TX794,189269,43353,95920%
Charlotte, NC792,849299,82379,533

27%
Detroit, MI688,740

255,32242,52217%
El Paso, TX674,438

219,33237,14817%
Memphis, TN653,450

250,30250,06920%
Seattle, WA
652,429

297,920108,587

36%
Denver, CO
649,495273,05085,671

31%
Washington, DC
646,449271,651111,171

41%
Boston, MA
644,710251,75785,540

34%
Source: NMHC tabulations of 2013 American Community Survey, 1-Year Estimates. Updated 9/2014.
Characteristics of Apartment Households and All U.S. Households in 2011
(in thousands)
 All ApartmentsNew Apartments (Built 1990-2011)Total Households (Renters and Owners)
Total Households 16,060,156 3,375,747      115,076,390
Age of Householder  
<3030%32%12%
30-4428%31%27%
45-6426%19%39%
65+15%18%22%
Median Age 39 37 50
Mean Age 43 43 51
Household Type   
Single Male22%20%12%
Single Female25%28%15%
Married Couple Only9%10%21%
Married Couple with Children10%10%24%
Single Parent13%13%10%
Other Households21%20%18%
Household Members   
147%48%27%
227%26%33%
313%13%16%
4+13%13%24%
Mean Number2.02.02.5
Children (under age 18)   
Mean Number0.40.40.6
% Households with One or More24%24%30%
Household Income   
Less than $20,00041%35%22%
$20,000 - $34,99922%19%18%
$35,000 - $49,99914%15%14%
$50,000 - $74,99912%15%17%
$75,000+12%15%30%
Mean Income$37,095$44,490$64,728
Median Income$25,768$31,982$45,964
Household Income of Market Rate Renters  
Mean Income$41,938$53,814N/A
Median Income$30,000$38,978N/A
Hispanic Householders   
Hispanic20%13%12%
Non-Hispanic80%87%88%
Motor Vehicles   
Mean Number per Household1.11.31.8
% Households with One or More73%85%92%
Notes: NMHC tabulations of 2011 American Housing Survey. "Market Rate" apartments are those privately owned units whose residents reported that no government subsidy is received. Updated 3/2013
Transportation- 2012
Main Transportation to WorkAll Apartment Renter HouseholdsApartments Built in 1990-2012Single-Family OwnersA
ll Households
Car, truck, van, motorcycle or taxi8,231,4163,015,503

36,374,590

61,951,579

Bus or streetcar719,583

134,003

402,049

1,753,148

Subway or rail719,953

123,835

511,812



1,804,435

Walking or bicycle790,185

180,587

555,522

2,207,781

Work at home354,571

113,937

2,264,805

3,442,936

Other167,07132,515



268,312

604,774



Commute Time to Work
Less than 30 minutes6,972,705

2,416,813

23,581,927

43,374,777

30 to 59 minutes2,833,058

856,073

11,162,877

19,207,862

60 minutes or more821,445

213,557

3,367,481

5,739,078

Source: NMHC tabulations of 2013 American Community Survey.
Updated 11/2014.



 All ApartmentsNew Apartments (Built 1990-2011)Total Households (Renters and Owners)
Total Households           16,060,156               3,375,747                      115,076,390
Age of Householder   
<3030%32%12%
30-4428%31%27%
45-6426%19%39%
65+15%18%22%
Median Age                           39                             37                                         50
Mean Age                           43                             43                                         51
Household Type   
Single Male22%20%12%
Single Female25%28%15%
Married Couple Only9%10%21%
Married Couple with Children10%10%24%
Single Parent13%13%10%
Other Households21%20%18%
Household Members   
147%48%27%
227%26%33%
313%13%16%
4+13%13%24%
Mean Number2.02.02.5
Children (under age 18)   
Mean Number0.40.40.6
% Households with One or More24%24%30%
Household Income   
Less than $20,00041%35%22%
$20,000 - $34,99922%19%18%
$35,000 - $49,99914%15%14%
$50,000 - $74,99912%15%17%
$75,000+12%15%30%
Mean Income$37,095$44,490$64,728
Median Income$25,768$31,982$45,964
Household Income of Market Rate Renters  
Mean Income$41,938$53,814N/A
Median Income$30,000$38,978N/A
Hispanic Householders   
Hispanic20%13%12%
Non-Hispanic80%87%88%
Motor Vehicles   
Mean Number per Household1.11.31.8
% Households with One or More73%85%92%

State Distribution of Apartment Residents, 2013
StatePopulation in Occupied Housing UnitsNumber of Apartment ResidentsApartment Resident Share of State Population
Alabama                                                            4,718,690                                                      364,250 7.7%
Alaska                                                                708,533                                                        58,434 8.2%
Arizona                                                            6,479,000                                                      726,276 11.2%
Arkansas                                                            2,878,203                                                      194,541 6.8%
California                                                          37,526,347                                                  6,316,413 16.8%
Colorado                                                            5,150,967                                                      657,755 12.8%
Connecticut                                                            3,477,951                                                      340,159 9.8%
Delaware                                                                900,545                                                        83,492 9.3%
District of Columbia                                                                606,151                                                      216,344 35.7%
Florida                                                          19,126,980                                                  2,380,131 12.4%
Georgia                                                            9,731,466                                                  1,090,388 11.2%
Hawaii                                                            1,360,772                                                      194,808 14.3%
Idaho                                                            1,582,720                                                        77,382 4.9%
Illinois                                                          12,582,656                                                  1,453,749 11.6%
Indiana                                                            6,382,308                                                      537,296 8.4%
Iowa                                                            2,990,316                                                      250,020 8.4%
Kansas                                                            2,814,853                                                      214,673 7.6%
Kentucky                                                            4,269,156                                                      308,786 7.2%
Louisiana                                                            4,497,113                                                      308,943 6.9%
Maine                                                            1,292,700                                                        74,174 5.7%
Maryland                                                            5,787,855                                                      818,617 14.1%
Massachusetts                                                            6,446,064                                                      802,372 12.4%
Michigan                                                            9,669,160                                                      827,973 8.6%
Minnesota                                                            5,284,880                                                      600,339 11.4%
Mississippi                                                            2,896,747                                                      211,554 7.3%
Missouri                                                            5,869,633                                                      403,260 6.9%
Montana                                                                986,368                                                        54,609 5.5%
Nebraska                                                            1,817,080                                                      186,563 10.3%
Nevada                                                            2,753,821                                                      418,062 15.2%
New Hampshire                                                            1,282,588                                                      123,911 9.7%
New Jersey                                                            8,712,717                                                  1,098,771 12.6%
New Mexico                                                            2,042,164                                                      129,198 6.3%
New York                                                          19,067,316                                                  4,524,031 23.7%
North Carolina                                                            9,594,066                                                      871,658 9.1%
North Dakota                                                                696,440                                                        96,338 13.8%
Ohio                                                          11,258,433                                                  1,045,713 9.3%
Oklahoma                                                            3,740,765                                                      282,840 7.6%
Oregon                                                            3,842,378                                                      427,845 11.1%
Pennsylvania                                                          12,343,440                                                      852,902 6.9%
Rhode Island                                                            1,010,669                                                        94,238 9.3%
South Carolina                                                            4,635,730                                                      354,773 7.7%
South Dakota                                                                810,863                                                        72,992 9.0%
Tennessee                                                            6,342,054                                                      524,915 8.3%
Texas                                                          25,858,349                                                  3,581,127 13.8%
Utah                                                            2,853,641                                                      230,427 8.1%
Vermont                                                                601,297                                                        37,867 6.3%
Virginia                                                            8,018,464                                                      960,567 12.0%
Washington                                                            6,830,143                                                      870,311 12.7%
West Virginia                                                            1,804,625                                                        87,289 4.8%
Wisconsin                                                            5,595,351                                                      558,871 10.0%
Wyoming                                                                568,641                                                        32,771 5.8%
    
Source: 2013 American Community Survey, 1-Year Estimates, US Census Bureau. Updated 9/2014.