Quick Facts: Resident Demographics


U.S. Households- Renters & Owners
Type of HouseholdHouseholds (000s)% of U.S. TotalResidents (000s)% of U.S. Total
Renter-Occupied43,01835%104,19433%
Owner-Occupied79,48465%206,92367%
Total122,502100%311,117100%
Source: NMHC tabulations of 2013 Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplement, U.S. Census Bureau (http://www.census.gov/cps). Updated October 2013.
 

Tenure by Age of Population
Age DistributionPeople in Rental Housing (000s)Share People in Owner-Occupied Housing (000s)Share 
Under 30 Years Old54,56018%70,79623%
30 to 44 Years Old23,6658%36,87112%
45 to 64 Years Old18,6196%63,31920%
65 Years and Older7,350

2%35,93712%
Total104,194

33%206,923

67%
Source: NMHC tabulations of 2013 Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplement, U.S. Census Bureau (http://www.census.gov/cps). Updated October 2013.
Tenure by Age of Householder
Age DistributionRenter-Occupied Households (000s)Share Owner-Occupied Households (000s)Share 
Under 30 Years Old11,1299%4,4444%
30 to 44 Years Old14,14612%17,98015%
45 to 64 Years Old12,22610%34,65228%
65 Years and Older5,5165%22,40818%
Total43,018

35%79,48465%
Source: NMHC tabulations of 2013 Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplement, U.S. Census Bureau (http://www.census.gov/cps).Updated October 2013.
 
What Type of Structure Do Renter Households Live In?      
Structure TypeHouseholds (000s)PercentResidents (000s)Percent
Single-Family15,08335%43,54842%
2 to 4 Units7,74118%18,85918%
5 or More Units18,54043%37,53336%
Mobile Homes1,4483%3,9014%
Other206

0%353

0%
Total43,018100%104,194

100%
Note: Excludes group quarters.
 Source: NMHC tabulations of 2013 Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplement, U.S. Census Bureau (http://www.census.gov/cps). Updated October 2013.
Apartment Household Incomes in the Previous Year
Income2013 Households (000s)2012-2013 Annual Change
Less than $20,0006,3234.0%
$20,000 to $49,9996,6637.3%
$50,000 or More5,5548.2%
Source: NMHC tabulations of 2012 & 2013 Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplement, U.S. Census Bureau (http://www.census.gov/cps). Note: Income figures recorded in 2012 (2011 income) are adjusted for inflation using the Consumer Price Index. Updated October 2013.

 Incomes: Apartments Versus All Households
Annual Change 2010-2011


 ApartmentsAll Households
Mean Income2.3%0.1%
Median Income-2.0%-1.4%
Source: NMHC tabulations of 2012 & 2013 Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplement, U.S. Census Bureau (http://www.census.gov/cps). Note Income figures recorded in 2012 (2011) are adjusted for inflation using the Consumer Price Index. Updated October 2013.
Large Cities: Population, Housing, and Renters
City NamesPopulation Total Occupied Housing Units Total Apartments Apartments Percent Of All Housing 
New York, NY8,336,6973,085,8141,53959050%
Los Angeles, CA3,857,7861,332,587562,51642%
Chicago, IL2,714,8441,032,074299,99429%
Houston, TX2,161,686780,364302,81239%
Philadelphia, PA1,547,607579,87490,13216%
Phoenix, AZ1,488,759521,555110,27121%
San Antonio, TX1,383,194480,693108,93123%
San Diego, CA1,383,194473,842141,39530%
Dallas, TX1,241,108463,719185,32140%
San Jose, CA982,783310,12667,91422%
Jacksonville, FL836,507309,08764,96521%
Indianapolis, IN835,806330,47869,95721%
Austin, TX842,595330,838116,14835%
San Francisco, CA825,863346,842139,45540%
Columbus, OH809,890329,50289,52927%
Fort Worth, TX782,027268,91953,00620%
Charlotte, NC775,208295,86383,28328%
Detroit, MI701,524253,07340,32816%
El Paso, TX672,534219,57834,97516%
Memphis, TN655,141247,47853,67122%
Boston, MA637,516247,25486,93235%
Seattle, WA634,541289,790103,28436%
Denver, CO634,265270,43987,10932%
Washington, DC
632,323266,662108,33441%
Nashville, TN
623,255249,102164,61126%
Source: NMHC tabulations of 2012 American Community Survey, 1-Year Estimates. Updated October 2013.
Characteristics of Apartment Households and All U.S. Households in 2011
(in thousands)
 All ApartmentsNew Apartments (Built 1990-2011)Total Households (Renters and Owners)
Total Households 16,060,156 3,375,747      115,076,390
Age of Householder  
<3030%32%12%
30-4428%31%27%
45-6426%19%39%
65+15%18%22%
Median Age 39 37 50
Mean Age 43 43 51
Household Type   
Single Male22%20%12%
Single Female25%28%15%
Married Couple Only9%10%21%
Married Couple with Children10%10%24%
Single Parent13%13%10%
Other Households21%20%18%
Household Members   
147%48%27%
227%26%33%
313%13%16%
4+13%13%24%
Mean Number2.02.02.5
Children (under age 18)   
Mean Number0.40.40.6
% Households with One or More24%24%30%
Household Income   
Less than $20,00041%35%22%
$20,000 - $34,99922%19%18%
$35,000 - $49,99914%15%14%
$50,000 - $74,99912%15%17%
$75,000+12%15%30%
Mean Income$37,095$44,490$64,728
Median Income$25,768$31,982$45,964
Household Income of Market Rate Renters  
Mean Income$41,938$53,814N/A
Median Income$30,000$38,978N/A
Hispanic Householders   
Hispanic20%13%12%
Non-Hispanic80%87%88%
Motor Vehicles   
Mean Number per Household1.11.31.8
% Households with One or More73%85%92%
Notes: NMHC tabulations of 2011 American Housing Survey. "Market Rate" apartments are those privately owned units whose residents reported that no government subsidy is received. Updated 3/2013
Transportation- 2012
Main Transportation to WorkAll Apartment Renter HouseholdsApartments Built in 1990-2012Single-Family OwnersA
ll Households
Car, truck, van, motorcycle or taxi8,140,4962,848,768

37,164,348

62,395,201

Bus or streetcar692,705113,335

407,074

1,751,689

Subway or rail682,360109,732

482,628

1,681,497

Walking or bicycle807,485180,127

551,578

2,232,678

Work at home354,816

111,611

2,252,640

3,358,238

Other101,28524,594

244,385

540,236

Commute Time to Work
Less than 30 minutes6,812,245

2,260,986

24,066,416

43,603,206

30 to 59 minutes2,810,540

822,026

11,338,164

19,225,826

60 minutes or more801,546

193,564

3,445,433

5,772,269

Source: NMHC tabulations of 2012 American Community Survey.
Updated 1/2014.



 All ApartmentsNew Apartments (Built 1990-2011)Total Households (Renters and Owners)
Total Households           16,060,156               3,375,747                      115,076,390
Age of Householder   
<3030%32%12%
30-4428%31%27%
45-6426%19%39%
65+15%18%22%
Median Age                           39                             37                                         50
Mean Age                           43                             43                                         51
Household Type   
Single Male22%20%12%
Single Female25%28%15%
Married Couple Only9%10%21%
Married Couple with Children10%10%24%
Single Parent13%13%10%
Other Households21%20%18%
Household Members   
147%48%27%
227%26%33%
313%13%16%
4+13%13%24%
Mean Number2.02.02.5
Children (under age 18)   
Mean Number0.40.40.6
% Households with One or More24%24%30%
Household Income   
Less than $20,00041%35%22%
$20,000 - $34,99922%19%18%
$35,000 - $49,99914%15%14%
$50,000 - $74,99912%15%17%
$75,000+12%15%30%
Mean Income$37,095$44,490$64,728
Median Income$25,768$31,982$45,964
Household Income of Market Rate Renters  
Mean Income$41,938$53,814N/A
Median Income$30,000$38,978N/A
Hispanic Householders   
Hispanic20%13%12%
Non-Hispanic80%87%88%
Motor Vehicles   
Mean Number per Household1.11.31.8
% Households with One or More73%85%92%

 



State Distribution of Apartment Residents, 2012
StatePopulation in Occupied Housing UnitsNumber of Apartment ResidentsApartment Resident Share of State Population
Alabama4,707,169366,9408%
Alaska704,79861,9419%
Arizona6,403,988704,20211%
Arkansas2,867,836189,7917%
California37,225,8596,298,47417%
Colorado5,071,158672,31413%
Connecticut3,473,730343,83810%
Delaware891,97281,4009%
District of Columbia592,131202,85934%
Florida18,892,4382,372,79513%
Georgia9,655,3181,040,72811%
Hawaii1,348,497182,46314%
Idaho1,566,20585,1725%
Illinois12,576,2821,359,46111%
Indiana6,348,960499,4628%
Iowa2,973,894235,5198%
Kansas2,806,773221,6478%
Kentucky4,254,548316,7627%
Louisiana4,474,264305,1037%
Maine1,293,66172,7926%
Maryland5,743,098788,19914%
Massachusetts6,398,214768,93212%
Michigan9,656,732824,1909%
Minnesota5,242,594592,17411%
Mississippi2,892,318192,6027%
Missouri5,847,778407,3337%
Montana976,28650,5175%
Nebraska1,804,311186,42110%
Nevada2,722,648415,00315%
New Hampshire1,280,614114,1829%
New Jersey8,677,7141,050,23512%
New Mexico2,042,883133,9587%
New York18,986,3094,505,05224%
North Carolina9,497,151858,9299%
North Dakota674,07391,28014%
Ohio11,236,8631,011,3759%
Oklahoma3,704,904284,4098%
Oregon3,812,933452,76211%
Pennsylvania12,335,561864,4087%
Rhode Island1,008,88297,30110%
South Carolina4,584,721359,7018%
South Dakota799,33977,70710%
Tennessee6,302,883530,8728%
Texas25,472,9043,419,31513%
Utah2,808,879233,9608%
Vermont600,68238,1676%
Virginia7,942,331938,45612%
Washington6,755,601859,36913%
West Virginia1,805,97283,7305%
Wisconsin5,578,090543,63810%
Wyoming562,61341,2267%
Source: NMHC tabulations of 2012 American Community Surve, 1-Year Estimates. Updated September 2013.

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