Quick Facts: Resident Demographics

  • U.S. Households: How Many Rent, How Many Own?
  • Tenure by Age of Population
  • Tenure by Age of Householders
  • What Types of Structures do Renters Live in?
  • Apartment Household Incomes
  • Renters in Large Cities
  • Apartment Resident Demographics
  • Transportation
  • Number of Renters in Each State
U.S. Households- Renters & Owners
Type of Household Households (000s) % of U.S. Total Residents (000s) % of U.S. Total
Renter-Occupied 38,762 35% 94,495 32%
Owner-Occupied 75,159 65% 197,024 67%
Total 113,921 100% 291,519 100%
Source: NMHC tabulations of 2012 Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplement, U.S. Census Bureau (http://www.census.gov/cps). Updated October 2012.
Tenure by Age of Population
Age Distribution People in Rental Housing (000s) Share  People in Owner-Occupied Housing (000s) Share 
Under 30 Years Old 50,388 43% 67,605 57%
30 to 44 Years Old 21,356 37% 35,833 63%
45 to 64 Years Old 16,673 22% 60,657 78%
65 Years and Older 6,078 16% 32,930 84%
Total 94,495 32% 197,025 68%
Source: NMHC tabulations of 2012 Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplement, U.S. Census Bureau (http://www.census.gov/cps). Updated October 2012.

 

Tenure by Age of Householder
Age Distribution Renter-Occupied Households (000s) Share  Owner-Occupied Households (000s) Share 
Under 30 Years Old 10,314 72% 4,084 28%
30 to 44 Years Old 12,792 42% 17,483 58%
45 to 64 Years Old 11,116 25% 33,012 75%
65 Years and Older 4,538 18% 20,578 82%
Total 38,762 34% 75,159 66%
Source: NMHC tabulations of 2012 Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplement, U.S. Census Bureau (http://www.census.gov/cps).Updated October 2012.
 
 
What Type of Structure Do Renter Households Live In?      
Structure Type Households (000s) Percent Residents (000s) Percent
Single-Family 13,323 33% 39,181 40%
2 to 4 Units 7,621 19% 18,753 19%
5 or More Units 17,816 44% 36,562 37%
Mobile Homes 1,309 3% 3,664 4%
Other 166 0% 294 0%
Total 40,235 100% 98,454 100%
Source: NMHC tabulations of 2012 Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplement, U.S. Census Bureau (http://www.census.gov/cps). Updated October 2012.

 

Apartment Household Incomes in the Previous Year
Income 2012 Households (000s) 2011-2012 Annual Change
Less than $20,000 6,073 2.4%
$20,000 to $49,999 6,783 7.3%
$50,000 or More 4,961 7.0%
Source: NMHC tabulations of 2011 & 2012 Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplement, U.S. Census Bureau (http://www.census.gov/cps). Income figures recorded in 2011 are adjusted for inflation using the Consumer Price Index. Updated October 2012.

 

Incomes: Apartments Versus All Households
Annual Change 2010-2011

  Apartments All Households
Mean Income -0.4% 0.0%
Median Income -1.1% 1.7%
Source: NMHC tabulations of 2011 & 2012 Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplement, U.S. Census Bureau (http://www.census.gov/cps). Income figures recorded in 2011 are adjusted for inflation using the Consumer Price Index. Updated October 2012.



Apartment Renter Income Distribution 2012

 

Large Cities: Population, Housing, and Renters
City Names Population  Total Occupied Housing Units  Total Apartments  Apartments Percent Of All Housing 
New York, NY 8,336,697 3,085,814 1,539590 50%
Los Angeles, CA 3,857,786 1,332,587 562,516 42%
Chicago, IL 2,714,844 1,032,074 299,994 29%
Houston, TX 2,161,686 780,364 302,812 39%
Philadelphia, PA 1,547,607 579,874 90,132 16%
Phoenix, AZ 1,488,759 521,555 110,271 21%
San Antonio, TX 1,383,194 480,693 108,931 23%
San Diego, CA 1,383,194 473,842 141,395 30%
Dallas, TX 1,241,108 463,719 185,321 40%
San Jose, CA 982,783 310,126 67,914 22%
Jacksonville, FL 836,507 309,087 64,965 21%
Indianapolis, IN 835,806 330,478 69,957 21%
Austin, TX 842,595 330,838 116,148 35%
San Francisco, CA 825,863 346,842 139,455 40%
Columbus, OH 809,890 329,502 89,529 27%
Fort Worth, TX 782,027 268,919 53,006 20%
Charlotte, NC 775,208 295,863 83,283 28%
Detroit, MI 701,524 253,073 40,328 16%
El Paso, TX 672,534 219,578 34,975 16%
Memphis, TN 655,141 247,478 53,671 22%
Boston, MA 637,516 247,254 86,932 35%
Seattle, WA 634,541 289,790 103,284 36%
Denver, CO 634,265 270,439 87,109 32%
Washington, DC
632,323 266,662 108,334 41%
Nashville, TN
623,255 249,102 164,611 26%
Source: NMHC tabulations of 2012 American Community Survey, 1-Year Estimates. Updated October 2013.

 

Characteristics of Apartment Households and All U.S. Households in 2011
(in thousands)
  All Apartments New Apartments (Built 1990-2011) Total Households (Renters and Owners)
Total Households  16,060,156  3,375,747       115,076,390
Age of Householder   
<30 30% 32% 12%
30-44 28% 31% 27%
45-64 26% 19% 39%
65+ 15% 18% 22%
Median Age  39  37  50
Mean Age  43  43  51
Household Type   
Single Male 22% 20% 12%
Single Female 25% 28% 15%
Married Couple Only 9% 10% 21%
Married Couple with Children 10% 10% 24%
Single Parent 13% 13% 10%
Other Households 21% 20% 18%
Household Members   
1 47% 48% 27%
2 27% 26% 33%
3 13% 13% 16%
4+ 13% 13% 24%
Mean Number 2.0 2.0 2.5
Children (under age 18)   
Mean Number 0.4 0.4 0.6
% Households with One or More 24% 24% 30%
Household Income   
Less than $20,000 41% 35% 22%
$20,000 - $34,999 22% 19% 18%
$35,000 - $49,999 14% 15% 14%
$50,000 - $74,999 12% 15% 17%
$75,000+ 12% 15% 30%
Mean Income $37,095 $44,490 $64,728
Median Income $25,768 $31,982 $45,964
Household Income of Market Rate Renters  
Mean Income $41,938 $53,814 N/A
Median Income $30,000 $38,978 N/A
Hispanic Householders   
Hispanic 20% 13% 12%
Non-Hispanic 80% 87% 88%
Motor Vehicles   
Mean Number per Household 1.1 1.3 1.8
% Households with One or More 73% 85% 92%
Notes: NMHC tabulations of 2011 American Housing Survey. "Market Rate" apartments are those privately owned units whose residents reported that no government subsidy is received. Updated 3/2013

 

Transportation- 2011
Main Transportation to Work All Apartment Renter Households Apartments Built 1990-2011 Single-Family Owners Total Households
Car, truck, van, motorcycle or taxi 76% 84% 91% 87%
Bus or streetcar 7% 4% 1% 2%
Subway or rail 6% 3% 1% 2%
Walking or bicycle 7% 5% 1% 3%
Work at home 3% 3% 5% 5%
Other 1% 1% 1% 1%
Commute Time to Work
Less than 30 minutes 38% 42% 37% 37%
30 to 59 minutes 16% 15% 17% 16%
60 minutes or more 46% 43% 47% 46%

Source: NMHC tabulations of 2011 American Community Survey.
Updated 3/2013.


  All Apartments New Apartments (Built 1990-2011) Total Households (Renters and Owners)
Total Households            16,060,156                3,375,747                       115,076,390
Age of Householder      
<30 30% 32% 12%
30-44 28% 31% 27%
45-64 26% 19% 39%
65+ 15% 18% 22%
Median Age                            39                              37                                          50
Mean Age                            43                              43                                          51
Household Type      
Single Male 22% 20% 12%
Single Female 25% 28% 15%
Married Couple Only 9% 10% 21%
Married Couple with Children 10% 10% 24%
Single Parent 13% 13% 10%
Other Households 21% 20% 18%
Household Members      
1 47% 48% 27%
2 27% 26% 33%
3 13% 13% 16%
4+ 13% 13% 24%
Mean Number 2.0 2.0 2.5
Children (under age 18)      
Mean Number 0.4 0.4 0.6
% Households with One or More 24% 24% 30%
Household Income      
Less than $20,000 41% 35% 22%
$20,000 - $34,999 22% 19% 18%
$35,000 - $49,999 14% 15% 14%
$50,000 - $74,999 12% 15% 17%
$75,000+ 12% 15% 30%
Mean Income $37,095 $44,490 $64,728
Median Income $25,768 $31,982 $45,964
Household Income of Market Rate Renters    
Mean Income $41,938 $53,814 N/A
Median Income $30,000 $38,978 N/A
Hispanic Householders      
Hispanic 20% 13% 12%
Non-Hispanic 80% 87% 88%
Motor Vehicles      
Mean Number per Household 1.1 1.3 1.8
% Households with One or More 73% 85% 92%

State Distribution of Apartment Residents, 2012
State Population in Occupied Housing Units Number of Apartment Residents Apartment Resident Share of State Population
Alabama 4,707,169 366,940 8%
Alaska 704,798 61,941 9%
Arizona 6,403,988 704,202 11%
Arkansas 2,867,836 189,791 7%
California 37,225,859 6,298,474 17%
Colorado 5,071,158 672,314 13%
Connecticut 3,473,730 343,838 10%
Delaware 891,972 81,400 9%
District of Columbia 592,131 202,859 34%
Florida 18,892,438 2,372,795 13%
Georgia 9,655,318 1,040,728 11%
Hawaii 1,348,497 182,463 14%
Idaho 1,566,205 85,172 5%
Illinois 12,576,282 1,359,461 11%
Indiana 6,348,960 499,462 8%
Iowa 2,973,894 235,519 8%
Kansas 2,806,773 221,647 8%
Kentucky 4,254,548 316,762 7%
Louisiana 4,474,264 305,103 7%
Maine 1,293,661 72,792 6%
Maryland 5,743,098 788,199 14%
Massachusetts 6,398,214 768,932 12%
Michigan 9,656,732 824,190 9%
Minnesota 5,242,594 592,174 11%
Mississippi 2,892,318 192,602 7%
Missouri 5,847,778 407,333 7%
Montana 976,286 50,517 5%
Nebraska 1,804,311 186,421 10%
Nevada 2,722,648 415,003 15%
New Hampshire 1,280,614 114,182 9%
New Jersey 8,677,714 1,050,235 12%
New Mexico 2,042,883 133,958 7%
New York 18,986,309 4,505,052 24%
North Carolina 9,497,151 858,929 9%
North Dakota 674,073 91,280 14%
Ohio 11,236,863 1,011,375 9%
Oklahoma 3,704,904 284,409 8%
Oregon 3,812,933 452,762 11%
Pennsylvania 12,335,561 864,408 7%
Rhode Island 1,008,882 97,301 10%
South Carolina 4,584,721 359,701 8%
South Dakota 799,339 77,707 10%
Tennessee 6,302,883 530,872 8%
Texas 25,472,904 3,419,315 13%
Utah 2,808,879 233,960 8%
Vermont 600,682 38,167 6%
Virginia 7,942,331 938,456 12%
Washington 6,755,601 859,369 13%
West Virginia 1,805,972 83,730 5%
Wisconsin 5,578,090 543,638 10%
Wyoming 562,613 41,226 7%
Source: NMHC tabulations of 2012 American Community Surve, 1-Year Estimates. Updated September 2013.

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