U.S. Households- Renters & Owners
Type of Household Households % of U.S. Total Residents % of U.S. Total
Renter-Occupied 43,378,800 36% 108,846,495 34%
Owner-Occupied 76,684,018 64% 208,785,446 66%
Total 120,062,818 100% 317,631,941 100%
Source: 2017 American Community Survey, 1-Year Estimates, US Census Bureau. Updated 10/2018

 

Tenure by Age of Population 
Age Distribution People in Rental Housing  Share  People in Owner-Occupied Housing Share
Under 30 Years Old 54,084,382 50% 69,242,065 33%
30 to 44 Years Old 24,769,757 23% 37,161,220 18%
45 to 64 Years Old 20,453,599 19% 62,662,233 30%
65 Years and Older 9,202,715 8% 40,055,970 19%
Total 108,510,453 100% 209,121,488 100%
Source: NMHC tabulations of 2017 American Community Survey microdata. Updated 10/2018. Note: Does not include non-housing units.

 

Tenure by Age of Householder
Age Distribution People in Rental Housing Share  People in Owner-Occupied Housing Share
Under 30 Years Old 9,482,919 22% 3,085,197 4%
30 to 44 Years Old 14,108,275 33% 16,361,258 21%
45 to 64 Years Old 13,063,139 30% 33,286,136 43%
65 Years and Older 6,629,769 15% 24,046,074 31%
Total 43,284,102 100% 76,778,665 100%
Source: NMHC tabulations of 2017 American Community Survey microdata. Updated 10/2018. Note: Does not include non-housing units.

 

What Type of Structure Do Renter Households Live In?
Structure Type Households Percent Residents Percent
Single-Family 14,947,238 35% 46,285,434 43%
2 to 4 Units 7,626,626 18% 18,432,991 17%
5 or More Units 18,857,573 43% 38,673,309 36%
Mobile Homes 1,902,348 4% 5,369,694 5%
Other 45,015 0% 85,067 0%
Total 43,378,800 100% 108,846,495 100%
Source: 2017 American Community Survey, 1-Year Estimates, US Census Bureau. Updated 9/2018

 

Apartment Household Incomes in the Previous Year 
Income 2017 Households 2016-2017 Annual Change
Less than $20,000 5,472,741 -3.82%
$20,000 to $49,999 6,351,796 -0.79%
$50,000 or More 7,013,010 3.61%
Source: NMHC tabulations of 2016 & 2017 American Community Survey microdata. Updated 10/2018 Note: Income figures recorded in 2016 are adjusted for inflation using the Consumer Price Index.

 

 Incomes: Apartments Versus All Households Annual Change 2016-2017
  Apartments All Households
Mean Income 2.10% 1.75%
Median Income 2.25% 3.42%
Source: NMHC tabulations of 2016 & 2017 American Community Survey microdata. Updated 10/2018 Note Income figures recorded in 2016 are adjusted for inflation using the Consumer Price Index.
Large Cities: Population, Housing, and Renters
City Names Population  Total Housing Units Total Occupied Apartments Apartments Percent Of All Housing 
New York, NY 8,426,743 3,422,225 1,556,161 45%
Los Angeles, CA 3,900,794 1,436,543 562,060 39%
Chicago, IL 2,717,534 1,192,544 306,150 26%
Houston, TX 2,217,706 927,107 318,888 34%
Philadelphia, PA 1,555,072 670,229 89,829 13%
Phoenix, AZ 1,514,208 598,236 114,537 19%
San Antonio, TX 1,413,881 535,145 116,723 22%
San Diego, CA 1,359,791 522,410 141,922 27%
Dallas, TX 1,260,688 533,556 191,200 36%
San Jose, CA 1,000,860 325,256 68,004 21%
Austin, TX 887,061 380,280 126,153 33%
Indianapolis, IN 850,827 386,515 71,231 18%
Jacksonville, FL 846,951 370,419 64,732 17%
San Francisco, CA 840,763 383,676 140,088 37%
Columbus, OH 824,663 380,493 91,522 24%
Fort Worth, TX 796,614 301,652 56,941 19%
Charlotte, NC 792,137 333,257 80,509 24%
Detroit, MI 690,074 365,528 42,406 12%
El Paso, TX 676,325 240,167 37,493 16%
Memphis, TN 657,167 297,955 51,678 17%
Seattle, WA 653,017 315,950 108,927 34%
Boston, MA 650,281 278,521 88,951 32%
Denver, CO 649,654 294,191 88,859 30%
Washington, DC 647,484 303,312 112,557 37%
Source: 2016 American Community Survey, 5-Year Estimates, US Census Bureau. Updated 10/2017



Characteristics of Apartment Households and All U.S. Households in 2017
  All Apartments New Apartments (Built 1990-2017) Total Households (Renters and Owners)
Total Households 18,837,547 6,589,776 120,062,767
 Age of Householder  
Under 30 25% 31% 10%
30-44 29% 29% 25%
45-64 27% 21% 39%
65+ 19% 18% 26%
Median Age 42 37 52
Mean Age 46 44 52
 Household Type   
Single Male 22% 21% 13%
Single Female 26% 26% 15%
Married Couple Only 11% 12% 28%
Married Couple with Children 9% 9% 20%
Single Parent 13% 12% 11%
Other Households 18% 18% 13%
  Household Members  
1 49% 47% 28%
2 28% 30% 34%
3 12% 12% 15%
4+ 12% 11% 23%
Mean Number 2 2 2
  Children (under age 18)  
Mean Number 0.4 0.4 0.6
% Households with One or More 22% 22% 31%
  Household Income  
Less than $20,000 29% 25% 15%
$20,000 - $34,999 19% 18% 14%
$35,000 - $49,999 14% 14% 13%
$50,000 - $74,999 16% 18% 18%
$75,000+ 21% 25% 40%
Mean Income $52,591 $59,782 $84,528
Median Income $36,201 $42,065 $60,671
 Household Income of Market Rate Renters*  
Mean Income $46,089 $53,493 $73,374
Median Income $34,961 $41,400 $52,800
 Hispanic Householders  
Hispanic 19% 15% 13%
Non-Hispanic 81% 85% 87%
 Motor Vehicles   
Mean Number per Household 1.0 1.2 1.8
% Households with One or More 74% 82% 91%
Notes: NMHC tabulations of 2013 American Housing Survey. Updated 10/2016
Source: NMHC tabulations of 2017 American Community Survey, 1-Year Estimates. Updated 10/2018

 

Transportation - 2017
Main Transportation to Work All Apartment Renter Households Apartments Built in 1990-2017 Single-Family Owners All Households
Car, truck, van, motorcycle or taxi 9,042,791 3,602,639 37,359,162 64,204,397
Bus or streetcar 678,839 152,091 381,104 1,674,756
Subway or rail 782,911 166,433 572,431 1,955,921
Walking or bicycle 820,487 229,438 525,879 2,149,520
Work at home 491,873 198,146 2,982,809 4,492,651
Other 122,520 38,632 276,411 620,660
Commute Time to Work
Less than 30 minutes 7,208,672 2,784,571 23,540,686 43,516,045
30 to 59 minutes 3,228,505 1,111,814 11,758,768 20,500,138
60 minutes or more 1,010,371 292,848 3,815,533 6,589,071
Source: NMHC tabulations of 2017 American Community Survey. Updated 10/2018.

 

State Distribution of Apartment Residents, 2017
State Population in Occupied Housing Units Number of Apartment Residents Apartment Resident Share of State Population
Alabama 4,755,774 348,090 7%
Alaska 712,250 56,246 8%
Arizona 6,861,127 730,554 11%
Arkansas 2,919,337 213,382 7%
California 38,718,791 6,539,242 17%
Colorado 5,487,865 717,179 13%
Connecticut 3,473,646 362,153 10%
Delaware 936,905 96,206 10%
District of Columbia 654,037 230,328 35%
Florida 20,556,254 2,663,734 13%
Georgia 10,170,586 1,084,684 11%
Hawaii 1,383,103 179,752 13%
Idaho 1,686,997 84,592 5%
Illinois 12,501,248 1,406,783 11%
Indiana 6,479,554 528,904 8%
Iowa 3,045,708 243,915 8%
Kansas 2,832,963 212,493 8%
Kentucky 4,322,206 304,736 7%
Louisiana 4,554,744 303,271 7%
Maine 1,299,627 78,001 6%
Maryland 5,911,516 833,651 14%
Massachusetts 6,609,225 846,549 13%
Michigan 9,732,455 832,506 9%
Minnesota 5,444,571 642,681 12%
Mississippi 2,891,156 185,613 6%
Missouri 5,938,665 419,802 7%
Montana 1,021,690 55,516 5%
Nebraska 1,868,061 195,747 10%
Nevada 2,959,799 441,853 15%
New Hampshire 1,300,312 132,178 10%
New Jersey 8,822,571 1,119,795 13%
New Mexico 2,045,105 130,686 6%
New York 19,273,248 4,672,638 24%
North Carolina 10,006,648 889,193 9%
North Dakota 729,250 114,953 16%
Ohio 11,341,139 1,064,300 9%
Oklahoma 3,821,366 283,584 7%
Oregon 4,053,223 465,186 11%
Pennsylvania 12,382,049 910,121 7%
Rhode Island 1,017,715 107,744 11%
South Carolina 4,887,882 384,494 8%
South Dakota 835,682 84,337 10%
Tennessee 6,561,260 627,493 10%
Texas 27,698,085 3,836,680 14%
Utah 3,054,272 267,339 9%
Vermont 598,604 40,599 7%
Virginia 8,227,726 1,016,488 12%
Washington 7,262,753 977,894 13%
West Virginia 1,768,425 89,117 5%
Wisconsin 5,649,584 592,001 10%
Wyoming 565,182 28,326 5%
Source: 2017 American Community Survey, 1-Year Estimates, US Census Bureau. Updated 9/2018.

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