U.S. Households- Renters & Owners
Type of Household Households % of U.S. Total Residents % of U.S. Total
Renter-Occupied 43,837,496 37% 111,054,354 35%
Owner-Occupied 75,022,569 63% 203,993,282 65%
Total 118,860,065 100% 315,047,636 100%
Source: 2016 American Community Survey, 1-Year Estimates, US Census Bureau. Updated 9/2017



Tenure by Age of Population 
Age Distribution People in Rental Housing  Share  People in Owner-Occupied Housing Share
Under 30 Years Old 55,518,756 50% 67,575,236 33%
30 to 44 Years Old 25,341,534 23% 35,942,322 18%
45 to 64 Years Old 20,670,939 19% 62,296,778 30%
65 Years and Older 9,154,032 8% 38,548,039 19%
Total 110,685,261 100% 204,362,375 100%

Source: NMHC tabulations of 2016 American Community Survey microdata. Updated 10/2016. Note: Does not include non-housing units. 



Tenure by Age of Householder
Age Distribution People in Rental Housing Share  People in Owner-Occupied Housing Share
Under 30 Years Old 9,545,700 22% 2,879,293 4%
30 to 44 Years Old 14,409,218 33% 15,854,130 21%
45 to 64 Years Old 13,200,382 30% 33,108,686 44%
65 Years and Older 6,602,227 15% 23,260,417 31%
Total 43,757,527 100% 75,102,526 100%

Source: NMHC tabulations of 2016 American Community Survey. Updated 10/2016. Note: Does not include non-housing units.



What Type of Structure Do Renter Households Live In?
Structure Type Households Percent Residents Percent
Single-Family 15,257,135 35% 47,713,516 43%
2 to 4 Units 7,765,851 18% 19,017,517 17%
5 or More Units 18,858,729 43% 38,791,639 35%
Mobile Homes 1,912,386 4% 5,447,389 5%
Other 45,395 0% 84,298 0%
Total 43,837,496 100% 111,054,354 100%
Source: 2016 American Community Survey, 1-Year Estimates, US Census Bureau. Updated 10/2017
Apartment Household Incomes in the Previous Year 
Income 2016 Households 2015-2016 Annual Change
Less than $20,000 5,763,827 -1.56%
$20,000 to $49,999 6,449,342 -1.11%
$50,000 or More 6,647,693 5.44%

Source: NMHC tabulations of 2015 & 2016 American Community Survey microdata. Updated 10/2017 Note: Income figures recorded in 2015 are adjusted for inflation using the Consumer Price Index.



 Incomes: Apartments Versus All Households Annual Change 2015-2016
  Apartments All Households
Mean Income 3.37% 2.36%
Median Income 4.23% 2.43%

Source: NMHC tabulations of 2015 & 2016 American Community Survey microdata. Updated 10/2017 Note Income figures recorded in 2015 are adjusted for inflation using the Consumer Price Index.

Large Cities: Population, Housing, and Renters
City Names Population  Total Housing Units Total Occupied Apartments Apartments Percent Of All Housing 
New York, NY 8,426,743 3,422,225 1,556,161 45%
Los Angeles, CA 3,900,794 1,436,543 562,060 39%
Chicago, IL 2,717,534 1,192,544 306,150 26%
Houston, TX 2,217,706 927,107 318,888 34%
Philadelphia, PA 1,555,072 670,229 89,829 13%
Phoenix, AZ 1,514,208 598,236 114,537 19%
San Antonio, TX 1,413,881 535,145 116,723 22%
San Diego, CA 1,359,791 522,410 141,922 27%
Dallas, TX 1,260,688 533,556 191,200 36%
San Jose, CA 1,000,860 325,256 68,004 21%
Austin, TX 887,061 380,280 126,153 33%
Indianapolis, IN 850,827 386,515 71,231 18%
Jacksonville, FL 846,951 370,419 64,732 17%
San Francisco, CA 840,763 383,676 140,088 37%
Columbus, OH 824,663 380,493 91,522 24%
Fort Worth, TX 796,614 301,652 56,941 19%
Charlotte, NC 792,137 333,257 80,509 24%
Detroit, MI 690,074 365,528 42,406 12%
El Paso, TX 676,325 240,167 37,493 16%
Memphis, TN 657,167 297,955 51,678 17%
Seattle, WA 653,017 315,950 108,927 34%
Boston, MA 650,281 278,521 88,951 32%
Denver, CO 649,654 294,191 88,859 30%
Washington, DC 647,484 303,312 112,557 37%
Source: 2016 American Community Survey, 5-Year Estimates, US Census Bureau. Updated 10/2017



Characteristics of Apartment Households and All U.S. Households in 2016
  All Apartments New Apartments (Built 1990-2016) Total Households (Renters and Owners)
Total Households 18,860,862 6,368,479 118,860,053
 Age of Householder  
Under 30 25% 31% 10%
30-44 29% 29% 25%
45-64 27% 21% 39%
65+ 19% 19% 25%
Median Age 42 38 52
Mean Age 46 44 52
 Household Type   
Single Male 22% 21% 13%
Single Female 27% 27% 16%
Married Couple Only 11% 12% 28%
Married Couple with Children 9% 9% 20%
Single Parent 13% 12% 11%
Other Households 18% 19% 13%
  Household Members  
1 49% 48% 28%
2 28% 29% 34%
3 12% 12% 16%
4+ 12% 11% 23%
Mean Number 2 2 2
  Children (under age 18)  
Mean Number 0.4 0.4 0.6
% Households with One or More 23% 21% 31%
  Household Income  
Less than $20,000 31% 26% 16%
$20,000 - $34,999 20% 18% 14%
$35,000 - $49,999 15% 15% 13%
$50,000 - $74,999 16% 17% 18%
$75,000+ 20% 24% 39%
Mean Income $50,429 $57,967 $81,332
Median Income $34,661 $40,304 $57,433
 Household Income of Market Rate Renters*                                            
Mean Income $46,089 $53,493 $73,374
Median Income $34,961 $41,400 $52,800
 Hispanic Householders  
Hispanic 19% 15% 13%
Non-Hispanic 81% 85% 87%
 Motor Vehicles   
Mean Number per Household 1.0 1.2 1.8
% Households with One or More 73% 81% 91%
Notes: NMHC tabulations of 2013 American Housing Survey. Updated 10/2016
Source: NMHC tabulations of 2016 American Community Survey, 1-Year Estimates.



Transportation - 2016 
Main Transportation to Work All Apartment Renter Households Apartments Built in 1990-2016 Single-Family Owners All Households
Car, truck, van, motorcycle or taxi 9,004,208 3,440,717 36,420,560 63,360,529
Bus or streetcar 688,125 141,913 383,360 1,692,030
Subway or rail 765,059 150,937 552,984 1,914,389
Walking or bicycle 850,303 240,889 522,426 2,175,074
Work at home 453,331 157,841 2,807,830 4,241,951
Other 121,406 38,815 269,172 612,972
Commute Time to Work
Less than 30 minutes 7,225,753 2,678,992 23,097,034 43,235,704
30 to 59 minutes 3,228,766 1,062,992 11,402,279 20,131,592
60 minutes or more 974,582 271,287 3,649,189 6,387,698
Source: NMHC tabulations of 2016 American Community Survey. Updated 10/2017.

 

State Distribution of Apartment Residents, 2016
State Population in Occupied Housing Units Number of Apartment Residents Apartment Resident Share of State Population
Alabama 4,743,641 362,390 8%
Alaska 714,068 52,960 7%
Arizona 6,774,192 752,086 11%
Arkansas 2,903,173 219,641 8%
California 38,436,448 6,658,018 17%
Colorado 5,422,420 728,040 13%
Connecticut 3,461,496 385,197 11%
Delaware 927,006 81,602 9%
District of Columbia 641,401 234,404 37%
Florida 20,178,722 2,629,196 13%
Georgia 10,053,466 1,098,277 11%
Hawaii 1,384,270 193,045 14%
Idaho 1,653,088 86,967 5%
Illinois 12,500,720 1,403,527 11%
Indiana 6,446,001 554,484 9%
Iowa 3,034,177 246,435 8%
Kansas 2,828,247 214,433 8%
Kentucky 4,305,726 320,055 7%
Louisiana 4,553,054 314,909 7%
Maine 1,295,587 79,694 6%
Maryland 5,875,912 853,691 15%
Massachusetts 6,559,193 845,200 13%
Michigan 9,697,834 826,462 9%
Minnesota 5,387,409 631,766 12%
Mississippi 2,895,666 183,861 6%
Missouri 5,917,603 432,395 7%
Montana 1,013,648 58,067 6%
Nebraska 1,854,762 180,122 10%
Nevada 2,902,138 419,425 14%
New Hampshire 1,292,399 126,036 10%
New Jersey 8,758,562 1,121,135 13%
New Mexico 2,037,888 135,922 7%
New York 19,169,325 4,619,778 24%
North Carolina 9,890,826 943,028 10%
North Dakota 731,853 116,064 16%
Ohio 11,301,148 1,042,925 9%
Oklahoma 3,813,693 292,762 8%
Oregon 4,004,687 451,822 11%
Pennsylvania 12,356,803 907,953 7%
Rhode Island 1,013,674 120,681 12%
South Carolina 4,824,537 375,011 8%
South Dakota 831,444 80,756 10%
Tennessee 6,498,215 597,163 9%
Texas 27,254,392 3,865,013 14%
Utah 3,005,441 265,552 9%
Vermont 599,354 45,433 8%
Virginia 8,170,182 971,125 12%
Washington 7,145,410 963,861 13%
West Virginia 1,783,075 89,822 5%
Wisconsin 5,632,449 583,100 10%
Wyoming 571,211 30,348 5%
Source: 2016 American Community Survey, 1-Year Estimates, US Census Bureau. Updated 9/2016.

  All Apartments New Apartments (Built 1990-2011) Total Households (Renters and Owners)
Total Households            16,060,156                3,375,747                       115,076,390
Age of Householder      
  30% 32% 12%
30-44 28% 31% 27%
45-64 26% 19% 39%
65+ 15% 18% 22%
Median Age                            39                              37                                          50
Mean Age                            43                              43                                          51
Household Type      
Single Male 22% 20% 12%
Single Female 25% 28% 15%
Married Couple Only 9% 10% 21%
Married Couple with Children 10% 10% 24%
Single Parent 13% 13% 10%
Other Households 21% 20% 18%
Household Members      
1 47% 48% 27%
2 27% 26% 33%
3 13% 13% 16%
4+ 13% 13% 24%
Mean Number 2.0 2.0 2.5
Children (under age 18)      
Mean Number 0.4 0.4 0.6
% Households with One or More 24% 24% 30%
Household Income      
Less than $20,000 41% 35% 22%
$20,000 - $34,999 22% 19% 18%
$35,000 - $49,999 14% 15% 14%
$50,000 - $74,999 12% 15% 17%
$75,000+ 12% 15% 30%
Mean Income $37,095 $44,490 $64,728
Median Income $25,768 $31,982 $45,964
Household Income of Market Rate Renters    
Mean Income $41,938 $53,814 N/A
Median Income $30,000 $38,978 N/A
Hispanic Householders      
Hispanic 20% 13% 12%
Non-Hispanic 80% 87% 88%
Motor Vehicles      
Mean Number per Household 1.1 1.3 1.8
% Households with One or More 73% 85% 92%

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